Dataset
Space
Type

Subjects

  • Science and technology (general)
  • Space and geospatial science
Updated
Created
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English
  • Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite title
  • GOES acronym
Description Series of "geostationary" operational meteorological satellites started in 1975; carries VISSR, SEM, VAS, DCS and WEFAX systems; located over South America and eastern Pacific. Remark
Geostationary satellites such as the GEOS satellites provide continuous monitoring that is useful in intensive data analysis. They circle the Earth in a geosynchronous orbit, which means they orbit the equatorial plane of the Earth at a speed matching the Earth's rotation. This allows them to hover continuously over one position on the surface. The geosynchronous plane of the GEOS satellites is about 35,800 km (22,300 miles) above the Earth, high enough to allow the satellites a full-disc view of the Earth. Because they stay above a fixed spot on the surface, they provide a constant vigil for the atmospheric "triggers" for severe weather conditions such as tornadoes, flash floods, hail storms and hurricanes. When these conditions develop the GOES satellites are able to monitor storm development and track their movements. GOES satellite imagery is also used to estimate rainfall during the thunderstorms and hurricanes for flash flood warnings, as well as to estimate snowfall accumulations and overall extent of snow cover. Such data help meteorologists issue winter storm warnings and spring snow melt advisories. Satellite sensors also detect ice fields and map the movements of sea and lake ice.

N.B., the syntax is a bit complicated insofar as reference is made to the "GEOS satellites".

Variant: Synchronous Meteorological Satellite

Generic term: geostationary satellite

French
  • Satellite géostationnaire opérationel d'étude de l'environnement title
  • GOES acronym

Spanish
  • satélite geoestacionario operacional del medio ambiente title
    Source: Space Activities UN, para. 510; E: NOAA Office of Satellite Operations (http://www.oso.noaa.gov/goes/ ) (Dec 2002);

Russian
  • геостационарный оперативный спутник для исследования окружающей среды title

Chinese
  • 对地静止业务环境卫星 title

Arabic
  • الساتل البيئي التشغيلي الثابت بالنسبة إلى الأرض title
    Source: ATS – UNTERM Project;
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