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  • Peacekeeping and peacebuilding
  • Safety and security issues
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English
  • Declaration of the Four Nations on General Security term
Definition Annex 1 to a "Secret Protocol" signed in Moscow, during the Moscow Conference, on 1 November 1943.
Remark
In the Declaration, the Governments of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States called, inter alia, for the establishment at the earliest practicable date of a general international organization. (Cf., the United Nations.)
Specifically, points 4 and 5 of the Declaration read:
4. That they [the Governments] recognize the necessity of establishing at the earliest practicable date a general international organization, based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all peace-loving states, and open to membership by all such states, large and small, for the maintenance of international peace and security.
5. That for the purpose of maintaining international peace and security pending the re-establishment of law and order and the inauguration of a system of general security they will consult with one another and as occasion requires with other members of the United Nations, with a view to joint action on behalf of the community of nations.

This Declaration was followed up by: "United States Tentative Proposals for a General International Organization, July 18, 1944". (See Web-links for text.)

The Moscow Conference was more formally referred to as the "Tripartite Conference in Moscow". It took place from 18 October to 1 November 1943.
The "Secret Protocol" also contained other important Annexes, including:
- Declaration regarding Italy (Annex 4) signed by the foreign secretaries of the US, UK and USSR.
- Declaration regarding Austria (Annex 6) by which the foreign secretaries of the UK, US and USSR declared that the annexation (Anschluss) of - Austria by Germany was null and void, and called for the establishment of a free Austria after the victory over Nazi Germany.
- Declaration of German Atrocities (Annex 10), signed by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and US President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Stated, inter alia:
The United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union have received from many quarters evidence of atrocities, massacres and cold-blooded mass executions which are being perpetrated by Hitlerite forces in many of the countries they have overrun and from which they are now being steadily expelled. . . . At the time of granting of any armistice to any government which may be set up in Germany, those German officers and men and members of the Nazi party who have been responsible for or have taken a consenting part in the above atrocities, massacres and executions will be sent back to the countries in which their abominable deeds were done in order that they may be judged and punished according to the laws of these liberated countries and of free governments which will be erected therein. . . . Let those who have hitherto not imbued their hands with innocent blood beware lest they join the ranks of the guilty, for most assuredly the three Allied powers will pursue them to the uttermost ends of the earth and will deliver them to their accusors in order that justice may be done.
General Assembly resolution 48/6 of 22 October 1993 is titled: "Commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Declaration of the Four Nations on General Security".
N.B.: Many sources list the date of this Declaration as 30 October 1943; however, in the archives one finds the date 1 November 1943.
Sources:
  1. E:documents from the Moscow Conference, including the annexes to the "Secret Protocol";
  2. A/RES/48/6;

French
  • Déclaration des Quatre Nations sur la sécurité générale term
Definition Il ne semble pas exister de version française officielle de ce texte, mais la traduction proposée en vedette est celle qui est utitlisée dans plusieurs documents des Nations Unies.

Spanish
  • Declaración de las Cuatro Naciones sobre Seguridad General term
    Source: STS A/RES/48/6

Russian
  • Декларация четырех государств по вопросу о всеобщей безопасности term
    Source: RUTERM (просмотр: декабрь 2015 г.)
Definition Подписана в Москве в 1943 году

Chinese
  • 四国普遍安全宣言 term

Arabic
  • إعلان الدول الأربع بشأن الأمن العام term
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